Countries Without Interpol Agreement
Posted On April 9, 2021
Interpol databases at the Lyon headquarters can assist law enforcement in the fight against international crime.  While national authorities have their own extensive crime databases, information rarely crosses a country`s borders. INTERPOL databases can track offenders and crime trends around the world, including through authorized fingerprint and facial photo collection, wanted lists, DNA samples and travel documents. INTERPOL`s lost and stolen travel document database alone contains more than 12 million records. Headquarters officials analyse this data and provide Member States with information on the evolution of crime. The International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO-INTERPOL), simply known as INTERPOL, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation. Footnote 1 With 194 members, Footnote 2 INTERPOL is the most influential player in transnational policing with global reach and one of the largest international organizations that exist overall. Footnote 3 Unfortunately, the organization is more vulnerable to abuse. Some States have succeeded in systematically exploiting the Organization`s instruments, in particular to prosecute and prosecute political dissidents or non-aligned media outside their borders. Footnote 4 How abuse can take place in practice, a thorough investigation conducted by Khadzhiev v. Bulgaria (2014), a case decided by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). Footnote 5 As a result, INTERPOL has become a perfect example of how non-democratic countries can exert their influence and extend their reach far beyond their national jurisdictions by participating in international organizations.
Footnote 6 Cooperation agreement between the Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court and the International Criminal Police Organization (which came into force on 22 March 2005, entered into force on 22 March 2005) Art. The full text of the agreement is available at www.interpol.int/content/download/11060/file/4-20ICC.pdf (available August 3, 2020). Interpol`s first area of application is therefore to support direct mutual assistance between different police institutions at the global level. This should not be underestimated, as INTERPOL has contributed to a historic change in the traditional mode of police cooperation. With the introduction of INTERPOL, cooperation was put directly in the hands of national police institutions, bypassing the traditional diplomatic channels, traditionally in force until the beginning of the 20th century. Footnote 73 This has led to a shift from a traditional type of state-centred international cooperation to police cooperation.